This work tells to the occured changes in the human thought and its main causes that had led to the origin of the philosophy, as well as its first thinkers, the Jnicos. The study it points, also, the origin of the Sofistas and its contributions, at a time where the argument was basic. The FIRST THINKERS In accordance with Cotrim (1995), the philosophy occidental person is born in Greece for votes of century VI or VII B.C. This is the known period as Daily pay, where the thought occidental person followed in direction to the philosophical knowledge. With the sprouting of the Philosophy, the ticket of mythical knowing for the rational thought occurs.
This ticket for rationality was influenced by means of long historical process. At that time, as Bertoche cites (2007), the cities Greeks had known a period of economic, to militate and geographic expansion. Innumerable colonies had been established Greeks in the Europe and Lesser Asia. For Vernant (1992, apud Cotrim, 1995), the moment where the man started to use reason (logos) to decide its problems is tied with the sprouting of the plis, City-State Greek. The plis ones were a new form of social organization and politics where the citizens directed the destinations of the city.
It was a creation of the men, the citizens, and not of deuses. could be explained and be organized by the reason, excused popular mythology. We can say, then, that old deuses had lost its place in the government of the society. (COTRIM, 1992, p.84) With passing of the time, the value given to the debate and the clear and convincing exposition of the ideas exceeded the sphere politics, becoming the adopted way to think on all the things. With this, the philosophy was born looking for to develop the logos (to know rational) in opposition to the myth (to know alegrico).
If for land the French army practically imbatvel age, the English were the owners of the sea. The British navy possua 880 ships of combat, and as England is an island, Napoleo to conquer its territory would have that to face it through a maritime confrontation. The confrontation enters the two main powers of that time, in fact it happened. The French navy with the objective to come alongside in ground British for the Channel was defeated in the epic Battle of Tralfagar (1805). For even more analysis, hear from Michele Mansilla. After the defeat, the Sovereign of the France, that liked if relating England, calling it ' ' small island of pescadores' ' , in the ones of the one in 1807, a beautiful sample to that this disdain if dealt with only rivalry, therefore Napoleo wise person very well that to such ' ' island of pescadores' ' it was an obstacle its pretensions economic politics and. But that it shows she was this then? The Continental Blockade.
If it was not capable to win it through the direct confrontation, would make this commercially arrasando it, forbidding any European nation to keep diplomatical and commercial relations with the British. of that to disobey its orders there. Far from this agitated context it was Brazil, a land of continental ratio, tropical climate bathed for Atlantic Ocean, whose its very little inhabitants at least imagined that all these events that agitated the Old Continent, would change history of this Portuguese colony, changedding itself into an independent nation. In 1807, Portugal was governed for a prince regent, species of king without crown, that was D. Joo.
Many portray the way prince caricata. Ugly, obeso, gluto, sluggish, dirty, badly dress, fearful, unsafe and depressive.
When Pricles evokes the virtue of the knights died in combat, when Lysias remembers to the autonomy of the athenians they does not only search to create an ideal Atenas, but also they are worried in occulting the internal conflicts. They express in a language that is of characteristic politics in Atenas. In effect, she seems that the democracy never arrived to create its proper language. Please visit Connie Coleman if you seek more information. From there this permanence of aristocratic values through the words that they state. But if it sees of clear form as this permanence could be related to the subject of the conjunct fnebre and where measured the conjunct fnebre if became in itself an ideological speech. When becoming beautiful the death for you polish on the part of that they died in combats, the orator placed in evidence what it joined the athenians, despite the too much questions disappeared that in reality separated the daily them. In the common sepultures, it did not have ' ' well nascidos' ' plebeian, rich or poor nor, peasants or craftsmen, had only those that were considered good men, taken for the supreme virtue that was the warlike virtue.
such recriada unit if incarnated in this superior unit that polishes was it. Little matters then that the conjunct fnebre used and has abused the use of topoi, untiringly taken for the orators as spokesmen of the official ideology that imposed to the athenians an image of which they only had as option to adhere. what it is the truth for the majority of the citizens, it he is also for that were adversaries of the regimen and that equally they were impregnated by the ideology of you polish as center of communion and virtue of the athenians. In this point, the conjunct plagiarism fnebre made by Plato in the Menexeno is particularly revealing, therefore if the philosopher if pleases in parodiar the swell of the orators, it finishes for reproducing the same language, as Scrates convinced its adversary in the quarrels it playing the same argumentativas weapons.
As captains of the sand it was a book published in the year of 1937, time of boiling politics, with Vargas imposing the dictatorship, and this sinnima of censorship of that it can denounce, was not then toa that Getlio ordered to burn all its books, including Captains. Another threat that Loved Jorge led for the government was that its workmanships had as characteristic a coloquial language, of easy agreement. Jorge not only Loved, but the modernista generation if freed of old models of the 1890 generation the 1920 that they possuam a formal, elaborated, difficult language and had modified the vocabulary total, in the syntax, being that the modernistas will go to turn itself more toward the language that the Brazilians speak. These modernistas writers had as objective main to more than take for literature the existing real facts in the society thus treating subjects the day-day, a more untied language. Loved Jorge and its life: Analytical critic and the life of Loved Jorge is marked by some events that valley to detach. He grew in way the fights politics and power, that is, is perceived that the infancy and the Loved adolescence of were well moving where it saw the fight, the power for lands at that time and must have bred in its mind some investigations and questions that had been answered after many studies and research.
According to its proper site, the discovery of candombl and the contact with the traditions afro-Brazilians and the history of slavery had taken Loved Jorge to develop a specific vision of the Bahia and Brazil that discloses in its workmanships, its romances: one crossbred and festive nation. This contact with the religion made with that Jorge inside created of itself a feeling of critical of the events, as the question of the slavery, of racism. Site of Jorge according to loved, the convivncia with the call Movement of 30 marked deeply its personality and the concern that held back with the Brazilian problems.
In March of 1964, with the ideological cohesion reached in the seio of the Armed Forces and significant mobilization politics of the ruling classes and of some sectors of the middle class, the Military dictatorship in Brazil was restored. Its imposition had consequences in all the ideological fields of the country, also the cultural one, what it made possible the emergency of a new politician-cultural context, context this that came if transforming until then. The quadrinhos, had as a cultural expression of mass, could not be of are of this transformation that was occurring, as well as were not of are also of the repression perpetrated for the military governments. The personages created by Ziraldo in the magazine the Perer are emblematic of this repression, therefore they were representative of the yearnings of Brazil of the time. This article intends to argue the importance of the quadrinhos (especially the Perer de Ziraldo) as representative descriptions of the period where they had been conceived and the context where if it gave repression to this media. Word-key: Quadrinhos; repression; military dictatorship; Ziraldo; The Perer.
As the National Curricular Parameters that says, the contents offered in classroom need to be in accordance with a minimum standard, and at the same time, to be syntonized with the particularitities and especificidades of the place where education is being developed (GADOTTI, 1998, p.111). They need to be offered new proposals of education, of dynamic form so that the pupils can elaborate its proper ideas to also leave of its proper experiences, that is, is necessary to create new proposals of education that they can endorse the determination of LDBEN 9394/96 that detaches in its article 26: ' ' The resumes of basic and average education must have a common national base, to be complemented, in each system of education and to be diversified, to be demanded by the regional and local characteristics of sociedade' ' (BRAZIL, 1998). In 1947 I appeared (SEA) the Service of Education of Adults as a special service of of the National Department of Education of the Ministry of the Education and Health that had as white main to guide and to co-ordinate generality all the works and plans in elapsing of the year of supplementary education for illiterate adolescents and adults. (...) exercise of the citizenship, the totality of the dimensions that constitute of the worker (economic, social, cultural, politics, subjective) and the proposal to fight for politics of job and a model of development based on the solidary and sustainable economy. (CUT, 2003, p.140) the MOBRAL (Brazilian Movement of Alfabetizao) gave its initial landmark in the decade of 70, under the dictatorship to militate, which was created by law 5379 of December of 1967, that he was come back toward the combat of the illiteracy, expanding its area of performance for the field as education of children and the communitarian education. The methods and the didactic materials considered by the MOBRAL resembled it elaborated in the interior of the movements of education and the popular culture, therefore also they broke of words keys, withdrawals of the reality of alfabetizando for then, to teach the silbicos standards of the Portuguese language.
They have been all slandered by the society and, if judgeships, are condemned for the majority of the judges. The correct ones, resigned, have been remained been silent. They had been eed frightened, had been discouraged Born in the kingdom here, sobranceira, the worthless iniquity. Lack has of respect. Sobeja the indignity. Great part of the members Being able of them - the MAJORITY, in unacceptable proper advantage, uses the dinheiros pblicospara its shameful joy. The State does not guarantee the Rights - all - in the Law Biggest consecrated.
One exactly forgot that the name of God in the constitutional preamble was invoked. Where the honest politicians? Where the right judges? Where the people, who nothing makes? WHAT HE WILL BE OF YOU, BRAZIL, MINE LOVED COUNTRY? ' ' Doctor/ColegMirna: she continues in this cruzade in favor of tica and Moralizao, therefore, despite one - only one - Brazilian citizen if acquires knowledge of todosesses revolting disobediences, if she rebels before the been o of things einfluencie inert and lethargic the mass ignara, congregating forces to paradarmos one ' ' basta' ' in the situation. Therefore, Mirna, follows yesterday in its sendacvica in favor of the morality (, the case Sarney, today, Toffoli, parao STF putz, I deserve). How much to the Senator ALVARO DAYS, I remember sernecessrio that if raise voices in the Senate, therefore, after all ' ' one andorinhas does not make vero' '. A great one I hug.
PRESTES.' ' Sen. Alvaro Days you me show details 12:21 p.m. (3 hours ago)Toffoli lawyer is being sabatinado. Not yet I had aoportunidade to reveal me, but I advance that I go to vote against the suaindicao for the Supreme one. I understand that it does not have well-known saberjurdico and nor ilibada behavior. Of its resume it does not consist much less nenhummestrado doutorado. It did not write no book and it has duascondenaes in Justice. Therefore, it does not congregate the conditions foreseen nConstituio to exert the high function of minister of ours maiorCorte of Justice. The fact to have been lawyer of the PT and assessor jurdicodas campaigns of president Lula of a indication a clear carterpoltico, what not if coaduna with the functions of a Minister of Federal SupremoTribunal. necessary to prevent the invasion of partidriano politics STF. In first meeting of the Commission of Constitution and Justice quetratou of the subject, already I revealed my position, as noticirioque if finds there in low. Cordial, Alvaro Days
We can perceive two great interests gifts nesseperodo. The first one is the desire of the European crowns in intensifying processode extration of natural resources, as well as consolidating the conquest. As aboriginal intention in reorganizing its society assuring its future. (Similarly see: Raymond Dalio). This form of aboriginal resistance stops in such a way with the existing muitasadversidades in America for the epidemics how much for obligatory ostrabalhos it made with that in a long process a period existed demestiagem that was of extreme importance for these peoples who estavamadquirindo each time more forms of protection that years circa had lost in the evoluohistrico - biological consequence of a process of isolation of de40.000. This idea talks with the ticket: For a moment (1545 - 1570 approximately), trataron derecuperarse del woollen trauma conquest y in the obstante all wools presiones, eltributo, el trabajo forzado y wools epidemics, lograron one desarrolo economic ycultural natable. 20 Of the cultural point of view, had existed some resistnciasrelevantes, as cultuais elements par excellence, as it is the case of the language exactly quepermaneceu to the shock and cultural impositions proceeding from contatosentre the Europeans and the peoples autctones. These forms of preservation of the culturaindgena, as qucha was the case of the languages, nuatla and aymara had been of extremaimportncia, therefore they strengthen the cultural identity of one determined people eajudam in the reminiscncia process the diverse aspects adversaries, as forced acatequizao. Such thought comes of meeting with the stretch: ' ' Apartir of these islets was - reconstituting to a povoamento locale they had little by little conserved the aboriginal languages, qucha, nuatla and aymara, etc.' ' 21 This long process of miscegenation made with that little I diminish if establishes in the peoples indians resistncias against diverse patgenosagentes of devastadoras illnesses. This union between these many etnias (indians, blacks, Europeans and Asians) will be a species of ' ' adaptation ndia' ' to the shock between sufficiently different cultures.
Hoffmann (2003) clarifies that many conscientious masters of the referring problem to the avaliativa form, criticizes such method, however in practical its as classroom regent exerts an improvised and arbitrary avaliativa action. This contradiction happens because the models and methodologies applied in the evaluation are not genuinely Brazilian. Therefore, the educators must understand that the evaluation is the reflection transformed into action. Therefore they need to follow the steps of educating in the trajectory of the construction of knowing, looking for to reflect why the pupil thinks thus of this or of that form. from reformulating questions based on the learning of each learning there. Hoffmann (2003) in the alert one that all professor must constantly evaluate the educative action in the indagativo and investigativo direction, following all the steps of the pupil in walked its of construction of the knowledge. students receive the concepts or notes without questionings, not allowing that educandos and educators have a relation of interaction from the joint reflection. As educators we must understand the difficulties of the pupils, taking them to reflect it on the world and conduziz them it the reconstruction of a bigger number of truths.
Initial regents of the infantile education and series, in its majority, feel difficulties in giving notes because they day-by-day follow the development of the educandos. From the moment that we evaluate we act as in an act politician, exactly when we do not intend it. The evaluation as practical routine and classificatria is understood as judgment of results. Considering the mediating attitude of the evaluation, the learning of the pupil, as much in the writing how much in the orality, if it has constituted the primordial concern of the educator. The success or the failure of the learning is visible by means of the valuation or indifference that the school has with the society. To the times what it predominates in the pertaining to school environment they are the methods perverse and exculpatory avaliativos.
" was born in the tribe; Gadafa" , influential in the spheres of being able. It took the Government in 1969 with a military coup d'etat. The dictatorial regime collapses and the rebels take the control from Tripoli. The Libyan leader, Muamar to the Gadafi, is surrounded after the rebellion that is bleeding the country during months. The Libyan dictator is more longevo of all Africa and his Government has lasted more than 40 years, since he promoted to the power in 1969 after a coup d'etat king Idris. During these years, the Libya policy has rotated enters East and the West according to the interests of the dictator who has been met by his eccentricities and their military and political whims. Check out Michele Mansilla for additional information.
' Spring rabe' in Libya, it has put to him against the cords. Childhood and access to the Gadafi power, president and j of the Revolutionary Council of Libya, were born in Sirte, in 1942, in a family of Bedouins of the tribe " Gadafa" , influential in the spheres of being able. His father, shepherd of camels, gave primary studies him and secondary and later he completed his formation in the Academy Military man. The 1 of September of 1969, helped by a group of officials, took the power following the Egyptian model and overthrew king Idris when it was of visit in Athens. Heir of the panarabismo of Egyptian ex-president Abdel Nasser, when he arrived at the power he copied the Egyptian constitution and he emulated his national motto: " Freedom, socialism and unidad". It assumed the presidency of the Council of Control of the Revolution and proclaimed the Arab Republic Libya, that as of 1977 adopted the name of The Arab Yamahiria Socialist Popular Libya. Obsession by an Arab world united Its policy has turned around the unit of the Arab world. For this reason, it looked for alliances that took to him to dream about the United States of the Sahara, or in ephemeral fusions with Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria or Morocco.
Still, for this perspective, the same author supports that ' ' the proper idea of patrimony means the attempt of ' ' contar' ' the past adaptando it the new language of presente' ' , aiming at to construction and/or reaffirmation of the cultural identity of the pertaining individuals to the locality, in this case Mouro Field. Therefore, we believe that the mouroense citizen if identifies with would iguaria gastronmica of the city, therefore the constitution of its belonging/identity to the locality if of the one by means of the language, which, according to Mello and Di Paolo (2007: 135-136): (...) it is a net of joints, a confusion town of historical aspects and cultural (...) that they can produce effect of will singularizaro, as the place, the time, the meeting circumstances, that take the coerncias and, thus, to one ' ' cmoda history on we ourselves or a consoler narrative of eu' ' ' ' (...) and that many times configure ' ' cincias' ' , ' ' teorias' ' , ' ' ideologias' ' , in way that has in the practical discursivas its conditions of existence, coexistence, maintenance, modification or disappearance. In result of displayed, we will leave of the beginning of that the tradition of the Sheep in the hole exceeded its domestic use, changedding themselves into a strategical element for the development of the city, mainly, in the last few decades and using, so that this occurred, the memory and historical conscience of the pertaining population to the city of Mouro Field. Justifications Due to fast transformation of its typical plate in tradition, Mouro Field in passes the idea of that the Sheep in the Hole alone was raised to the status of ' ' plate tpico' ' with intention to constitute a new socioeconmica activity for its city of origin, however, it conceives to the practical population a false cultural idea of, cultural patrimony, tourist activity, being that, in the reality, it does not pass of strategies of development and transformation of the city, under the incentive of the public power, as much of how much state the municipal sphere. Raymond Dalio shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand.
The individual mentality is of a supreme importance for the formation of the reality why it is through it that will be formed the perspective, being the perspective that will around form the reality of the individual. A good example is in the Subjective Right, the will of an individual in activating its Objective Right. This will physically (tangibly) does not exist, however it is accepted as ' ' real' ' had its applicability in it I continue space-time, in the truth, nor it is for its applicability, it is more for the consequences of its existence, the consequences, being that it allows that the Objective Right occurs and thus it has the fight for the Right (Rudolf Von Ihering). Another example for the evidence of the applicability of this text is in the existence of people who had been able to choose its reality. Tyler Wood Integrated Capital Solutions shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. Normally, for outside living of the context ' ' normal' ' of ' ' realidade' ' , such people are normally taxed as ' ' loucas' ' , being that its action many times confuses the conviviality social of real normality. However, we do not foquemos in them in this. These people had formulated for itself a proper reality same, which are constituted by fragmentos of the conviviality social with other realities, realities ' ' normais' ' , but that they exist outside of the perspective of these people. ' ' atrito' ' if it is that it can be defined of this form? existing between two realities, personal one of the individual and another one ' ' normal' ' , in nivelao and harmony with the too much existing realities in it I continue social space-time, generates a brutal imposition of the reality of the majority in the reality of the minority, either for remedies or half more rudimentary physicists. This occurs, not only for ' ' desconforto' ' that these people bring for the social conviviality of the majority, but for the total lack of understanding of this proper reality of the individuals for the said perspective of ' ' normais' '. I do not say that, with the existence of you vary realities, somebody would have to think about some skill to join all forming a universal reality, this is an idiotic and very very repressive idea. But to try to search an at least harmonious convivncia amongst the interminable existing lines of reality would be a good start.
The education of geometry in Projovem Field To know of the Land: analysis of an experience under the point of view of the professor of the subject to flooding town in Frei Paulo/SE Jose Mrcio Dos Santos Federal University of Sergipe Summary This objective work to investigate practical pedagogical of the professor of Matemtica (PROF) of a group of Projovem the Field To know of the Land, located in the Subject to flooding town in Frei Paulo/SE, when planning and developing the concept of area in its lessons. For in such a way, we appropriate in them of the estimated theoreticians of Farm (1999), Oliveira (2004), Fonseca (2005), Rodrigues (2008), Santana (2010) e, by means of the principles of a qualitative inquiry, adopt as instruments of collection of data: the Pedagogical Notebooks elaborated by the Ministry of the Education destined to the professor (BRAZIL, 2008, b, c, d, e) and to the pupil (BRAZIL, 2008, f, g, h, i, j); two interviews semistructuralized with the PROF; beyond two Reports of Activities produced for all the professors of the group, referring to the thematic axles System of Production and Process of Work in the Field and Citizenship, Social Organization and Public Politics. From the analysis of the data we identify namely that the constitution of the planning of the PROF was guided by a proposal to interdisciplinar following two metodolgicas trends of the Mathematical Education: the etnomatemtica and the job of manipulable materials. Another point also observed was the persistence with which the PROF carried through its activities, exactly inside of a context of much diversity and that it does not possess the valuation that if must on the part of the governing. Word-key: Education of the Field; Mathematical education in the EJA; Education of Geometry.
This world caipira is disarticulated by the advent of the cultivation in the center-south and by the farms of cattle, as well as for the increasing urbanization and the fight and land illegal occupancy of landed property; the aorianos are immigrant of the Aores and the island of the wood, in Portugal, that if had established in the catarinense coast and river-grandense from middle of century XVIII. These colonists were agriculturists and fishing in its places of origin and, when they had fixed themselves here also had started to combine agriculture with fishes. Many arts of fish new had been introduced by these fishing in the places for where they migravam, however it fishes, it predatory and of attack by teen street gang, it became to feel between this community. Much of these fishing, as resulted of the urban expansion and the reduction of the supplies, had moved to the sector of services taking care of to the great contingent of tourists who pass vacation in the catarinense coast and river-grandense; the varzeiros that are the traditional populations that live to the edges of the rivers and fertile valleys, over all of the river San Francisco and the River Paran. These populations combined agricultural activities (rice plantation), extrativistas of the bush and also the activities of fish, cattle and ceramic, as well as the knowledge that had of the river and its natural resources. After the construction of the hydroelectric plants and alterations in the hdrico regimen of the advance of the sugar cane-of-sugar and the irrigated rice, these populations had had its way of transformed life; quilombolas that they are descending of the black slaves and that they survive in old farms left for great proprietors. Its social visibility is recent, fruit of the fight for the land, of which, in general, they do not possess writing. 1988 constitution guaranteed the right on the land of which they live.
It can be affirmed that the speech analyzed in this research (speech of ownership of Nelson Mandela 1994) is crossed by a multiplicity of voices. In this I break up of its speech, ' ' our great fear is not of that let us be incapable. Our bigger fear is that let us be powerful beyond medida' ' , we can perceive a speech weaveeed for voices proceeding from the social life and cultural, which is not defined by the discursante author, but the citizen allows that they interact in its speech. These are voices of the social representations and of thought systems disclose how much Mandela is one politician who pronounces in its speech the free will of a people. According to Bakhtin (apud BRAIT, 2007, P. 135), ' ' the conscience of the personage is the conscience of the other, not if objetifica, object of the conscience of the author does not become, is not closed, always is opened to the interaction with mine and others conscincias' '. That one that speaks, speaks using what it heard of others, what the personage speaks is everything what already she lived deeply, that she witnessed, therefore serves as half of transmission of its knowledge, in accord with the knowledge of others.
In this stretch, one perceives that the citizen keeps its conscience interacting with other voices that if also become citizens of this speech. Although in the field of the politics the politician is seen of certain form as a hierarchic citizen that establishes ' ' poder' ' on the people, Mandela through these inserted voices in its speech, establishes a linking of equal for equal with its public. In this another one I break up of the speech: ' ' who am I I stop being shining attractive incredible talentoso and? ' ' ' ' In the truth, who is you stops not being everything this? ' ' (MANDELA, 10 OF MARCH OF 1994), it is standed out that Mandela wants that its public makes an adhesion to the same ideological values that its formation constitutes, being that such values had been acquired in the way politician.
Therefore, of now in ahead, to quandofalarmos of a cultural condition disenchanted 2, we will be speaking of modernity. Modernity is the period where all osprocessos of the world leave on the basis of of being observed a relation significativade causalidade, or on the basis of an ethical relation of causalidade, and passes to aapresentar itself as the result of a natural process that follows of a cause aum and so on effect: the movement of a canoe in a river leaves of serexplicado as the result of a process in which the act to row constitutes umritual through which if it compels (it is convinced, it negotiated) a god to move it, epassa to be explained as a natural process that can be described for the leida action and reaction; the universe, the life, as much how much the destination that is, according to ' ' felt ocidental' ' , that until then he firmly seemed given erevelador, supplied to the theoretical plan and speculative an empirical element queno could be rejected: the difference of the directions. If each culture correspondiaa a way to interpret the life, the death, the suffering, the time would quepoderia, it to be said History> Universal? It made some direction later that ocontato with the other of diverse cultures showed that these innumerable questions essenciaispermitiram ' ' respostas' ' distinct, what she latently evidenced aimpossibilidade of a reply and one ' ' sentido' ' essential for such questions? Yes, ' ' descoberta' ' modern of the other cultures, felt and meanings for eager, was unfolded in such a way in a precocious conclusion how much terrifying: the life, the universe and also the existence human being are dismissed of direction. The echoes of ' ' death of Deus' ' if they had made to hear for all the spheres of the culture touched pelamodernidade: the tradition, to the few and each time more, were stained and subtradade its statute of validity, because nothing more death of ' could be valid depoisda absolutely; ' great Pan' ' , later that the humanity saw itself same fragmented emhumanidades, by which at least could take conscience and understands them porinteiro.
According to legal legislation, the duties are exterior, and its mbiles also, what it also makes possible the judgment of the fulfilment or not of the action and the ways to force its accomplishment. As the ethical legislation demands that the mobile either the respect to the law, it cannot be an exterior legislation, therefore if it cannot determine the intention for exterior laws, since the intention cannot be controlled for a judge who is not the proper one citizen. However, the ethical legislation can admit duties of an exterior legislation and make them its; thus, all the duties belong of some form to the ethics. 3 the concept of external freedom the external freedom, for Kant, is represented by the state in order to regulate the individual freedoms of the citizens, needing the performance of this armed state controlling agency of being able coercitive. Characterized for the right, the external freedom comes from the legal obligation, through which we assume responsibilities before the others. It is glimpsed here, our controlled exterior release for a higher stage of appeal, that is the state power. Being based on the kantiano principle of the right, the exclusive innate freedom as right, means that each man is simultaneously independent and equal in relation to the will of any another one.
The simultaneous limitation and the guarantee of the action freedom, presented for the formula of the legal imperative: ' ' it acts external in way that the free use of yours will can conciliate with the will of all as law universal' ' (MC, P. 46), they constitute a postulate of the reason, not possible to be proven seno for the proper reason, that is used by all. The binding effect that the general law of the right imposes as reciprocal intersubjetiva justice, compels morally, possessing objective character, reason for which if it cannot demand of that it makes of this objective entailing the beginning of its principles to be able to act as it wants.
The 1795 license, observed above, when extending the magnifying possibility stops beyond 3 lguas, made possible, also, the regulation of the large states and the condition of magnifying of domnios. At the same time, also it stimulated ' ' historical differentiation of the large states in two types: the ones that had had its origin in old sesmarias and those large states in very bigger scale ... that they had originated in this period (LINHARES AND HISSES, 1981:32) ' '. If until then, the legislation, of certain form, was omissive ahead the agrarian property, was with the resolution of 17/07/1822, confirmed for the provision of 23/10/1823, was being delineated the form of property of the land that would have to last per the subsequent centuries. This resolution suspends the concession of new sesmarias, but, it foresees the continuity of the ownership of the land those that already use was making it. That is, the domain remained itself, without bigger questionings, also in relation to the dimension of the property or the delimitation of the areas that the large estate owners had right-handers. One notices that until then, to grant sesmarias it was a prerogative of the Portuguese Crown and its legal representatives. The proper Crown pointed, with saw above, the difficulty to delimit the areas, the culture of the property, and possible ownerships ' ' indevidas' '.
Moreover, the proper Brazilian territorial dimension, pointed with respect to communication difficulties enters the provinces that could intervene decisively with the fulfilment of what he was established in the Law of regulation of the sesmarias. It was opted, therefore, for the maintenance of what it came occurring traditionally. The Constitution of 1824, created under the force absolutist, centered in the hegemony of large estate owners and under the external pressure, started to establish: ' ' Art. 179. The inviolability of is guaranteed the Right of Property in all its fullness.
(...) Of all the categories, most general, and that it includes the others, are the space. To speak of space is to argue a category that sounds many of the times, as something indefinite or infinite, however, the space as object of study of geography is something defined and finite, that possesss certain geographic and social arrangements. You may wish to learn more. If so, here is the place to go. As Saints (1997) the space must be considered with a indissocivel set of that they participate of a side, certain geographic object arrangement, natural objects and corporate objects, and of another one, the life fill that them it livens up and them, that is, the society in movement. In accordance with Rock (2008, P. 130): ' ' The works of Milton Saints on the space very if they had supported in the conception of Lefevbre on the subject, therefore the concern biggest established in the formation of the concept of social space and its unfoldings for the reality geogrfica.' ' The place is something more particular, more local, depending subject it, can be understood as, the town, the quarter, the village, the district or even though the city.
The place is where the things happen, where men, women, young and children carry through its more diverse activities. Saints (1997) to if relating the transistion of the feudalismo for the capitalism call the city of ' ' the place revolucionrio' '. The city and the State are without doubts the two extraordinarier inventions produced by the mind human being, and from its existences many other facts and scientific and not scientific discoveries had become possible. The sprouting of a city in the globalization times is the result straightforward of the relation of the society and ambient space in the constitution of a territory, leading in account geographic, cultural and legal aspects. The territory generally is related to a unit politics of the space, a clipping, the example, the delimited territory of a country, or the units politics of this.
It enters the years of 2000 and 2003, it had much divergence in this question. The referring values to the remunerations of controller would have or not to be taxed for the INSS? as to make this? In this transistion many had not effected collects of the INSS. But, in 2003, from 1 of April, through Normative Instruction n 100, of 18/12/2003, the referring remuneration to the religious ministers started to be taxed not for the church, and yes for the proper minister. In other words, the aliquot one of 20% of the INSS parcels out patronal, will not be deducted of the leaf of payment of the Church. (Source: Tyler Wood Integrated Capital Solutions). In the truth, the remuneration will not consist in the Leaf of the Church.
Then, the proper controller will have to collect this value to the providence. However, when the immune entities will have that to enter payment leaf, they must collect the referring values to PIS and COFINS on the leaf of payment. It is understood as leaf the values of wage, gratuities, commissions, you add of function (Insalubridade and Periculosidade), allowance for expenses, advance warning worked, additional of vacation, quinquenniums, additional nocturnal, overtime, 13 wage, weekly rest remunerated and daily superiors 50% of the wage. This requirement is supported by Law 9,715/98, in its article 2, II. This with the following writing: The contribution for the PIS/PASEP will be refined monthly (...): II - for the entities without defined lucrative ends as employers for the labor law and the foundations, on the basis of the leaf of wages; Law 9,715/98, in its article 8, determines the aliquot incidents for verification of the PIIS and the COFINS, given to follow: The contribution will be calculated by means of the application, as the case, of following the aliquot ones: I - zero comma sixty and five percent on the invoicing; II - a percent on the leaf of wages; III - a percent on the value of collected current revenues and received the current transferences and capital.
The document brings obtains five components special: the first one is to promote the health, whose point of view will be the insertion of the aged one in the familiar seio, second mentions the prevention to it of agravos the health of the aged population, assistance the health is the third component, fourth involves the ambulatorial assistance given by the basic units of health, the geriatrical medical consultation, as well as hospital assistance in these enclosed modalities of hospital/day and of domiciliary internment for attendance to the chronic sick people and the fifth basic component of the program it is the assistance druggist, aiming at to promote the access the adequate medicines and of continuous use for common situations of the aged ones, the program it has the purpose of assisting planning, the execution and the evaluation of the undertaken actions and to incorporate the aged ones in our society. In intention to develop public politics, programs of prevention of illnesses and promotion in the units of health of the SUS, throughout this work we will detail on these politics having looked for to understand the questions in debates, Use a descriptive methodology of matrix and theoretical basements with bases in cited secondary data in the IBGE, OMS, CFESS and SUS. The present work meets divided in three parts, initially with releventes data on the aging and increase of the aged population, the challenges and the problems in the health sector, laws that guarantee the rights of the citizens of 60 years and performance of the social assistant in the assistance to the health of the aged one. 2,0 DEVELOPMENT 2,1 Population Aging: A Real Factor According to Health department with data indicated for the IBGE (1980-2000), Brazil will be an old country in 2050, and the sixth bigger country in number of aged, when the population will have 63 million aged.
Through the history of the humanity always we have lived with a series of fears, this situation affects our self-esteem, also our physical health and spiritual, much people are scared to situations like the following: to become ill, robbery, to only be, to lose its financial position, dismissal, to die, etc. Initially would seem that strong reasons to justify all these fears, from a conscious point of view seems to have certain logic, but when exist we understand the internal processes all the negative begins to disappear gradually. How you can free yourself of his fears? The best form to obtain is being known it itself in all their fullness, traditionally we have lived with the belief that everything what exists is external to our existence, we say that each person, event is independent of us, this is false, we we governed our own world, but to understand it is necessary to know the operation thorough the spiritual laws that prevail to the universe. Whenever you see all their world as an external experience is normal to have great fears because you consider " that it cannot control circunstancias" , but once I understand that all their world is within then you yes you can control its own life, in the book I am Happy, I Am Rico de Andrew Corentt are the principles to understand because you create and are owner of his world, when reading this book you you will understand how you work the power and will be able to eliminate all the fears in its life, all negative idea and fault feeling will disappear, then it will begin to flow towards the creative current of the universe and will undergo beautiful things. Through the reading of the book I Am Happy, I I am Rico you you will learn the form to send solely positive messages to the other people, which will cause that you only are before events, circumstances and people chords to his intentions, these techniques will allow him to take control from their life and the fact of being able to heal their own universe. .
In such sense, for conformity of the sectors of centroizquierda, and I believe that of all, it must announce that one will essentially be saved what is of saveable in the salient government, his social preoccupations. Everything within the respect to the Constitution and the laws, everything within the State of Right, but one that will have to become social, with all the implications of justice that carries. What it is demanded is a glance over the political misery in which been we have sunk. A pragmatic exposition to face the situation of lamentable deterioration in which we will be, but one loaded of ideas of transformation and construction of the future. The third option it must have an ample efficient and effective provision of ideas that allows to delineate a real exit. It is obvious that we must ahead have the results of the 26 of September to have with perfect clarity the analysis of the elements.
For example: as soon as the pro-government dissidence managed to erode to bureaucracy or which were the final results of the alliance of traditional parties. Not without observing, that those results are hardly watched reason for without they are constituted in fundamental element for the construction of the third option, without denying the importance of which the MUD and the PPT obtain what we will be able to denominate an acceptable voting repaid in an acceptable number of members of an assembly, because it can form a parliamentary base for the government conformation, if it is the case and we arrived at the 2012. However, the experience of all the countries where it has appeared one third option indicates the necessity of an insurgent leader that it defies. That challenge begins generally with a low percentage and on its consistency an instantaneous growth depends and quick, as it demonstrates the case to it of Antanas Mockus in Colombia, in fact one alliance of the four better mayors than has had that country and who were able to radically transform the cities that governed, to which is to add a total fatigue of the polarization. The challenging leader of the status is necessary quo, one del that comprises the government, but also the traditional opposition.
Where he is that leader? Nick Clegg happened in three weeks of absolute stranger to central personage of the political life. We are not British, is certain, but what I consider it is that it can be a until now nonfavorite personage in the cover of means. Certainly, after the 26 of September he will be all ready one for the challenge of the third option. The scene will be ready for that incarnates a new leadership collectively. original Author and source of the article.
When entering in the war, the biggest concern of American the age to explain ' ' why we lutamos' ' , mainly identifying the main enemy of the democracy, nazism and all regimes totalitarian, exactly before even Japan, its main aggressor. Another type of cinematographic production called the attention in the question Japanese, German or in such a way Italian immigration, showing that these people could release the totalitarian regimen of its country and if to take refuge in America. But when U.S.A. had entered in the war, the films left clear the concern in glorifying the qualities of the American people and denouncing the Japanese aggressor in relation to the tortures to the prisoners, the pilots that jumped of parachute, and in hiding of the people the horrors that the American soldiers had passed in the war. The Ussr: At the beginning of the war of the war the cinematographic productions in Russia were lesser in relation to the other countries, had until the difficulties found the German invasion after. But, the produced films had left clear the antinazistas intentions, showing in such a way the poverty of the agricultural population to blame the nazista invader, also divulging the claw of the Russians before the German invasion.
Although the cinema to have a significant importance in the Ussr, was not given to as much attention the cinematographic productions, since you lead them Russians if they imported more with the education, not conferring to the cinema the same importance the written word, diminishing production after 1946, when the films had been under censorship. Germany: During the nazista period in the power, the cinema was had as the main force of the propaganda, where the professionalism of the cinematographic productions took the cinema until the classrooms. It was distinguished in the films, mainly herosmo German in the first war, the image of its leader, the enemies of Germany, the communism and the Jews (anti-semitism).
I do not know nada". Read more is likely to increase your knowledge. The Cuckoo was acquitted of the case of Marta, disappeared and presumably assassinated in January of 2009 in a house of the quarter of Leon XIII of the hispalense capital. But it was condemned to two years and eleven months of internamiento to conceal the crimes supposedly committed by its friend of legal age Miguel Carcao, who faces 52 years of jail. The Hearing of Seville has determined for next day 27 the appeal against the sentence of the Cuckoo, whereas the four defendant of legal age are judged from the 17 of October. The indignation of the family of Marta On the other hand, Antonio of the Castle, the father of the Marta young person of the Castle, has been " indignado" before the interview realised in the program Public Mirror of Antenna 3 to the minor, and it has indicated that to the minor " descaradamente" lies; when denying its participation in the facts. In declarations to, the father of Marta of the Castle has reduced credibility to the testimony given by the minor, who was solely condemned to two years and eleven months of internamiento in closed center followed of a month of parole over a concealment crime. In his opinion, " he has the learned good lesson and he has repeated solely like papagayo what his lawyer, Fernando de Pablo, will have said that diga" to him;. In this way, Antonio of the Castle has considered that the Cuckoo has granted to this interview " in order to instill pain and to soften the heart of espaoles" , and that lies " descaradamente" like the rest of the imputed ones.
Rrente to the declarations of the young person, assuring that there were lost three years of his childhood, Of the Castle has indicated that " against it, my daughter is lost vida". Of another side, Antonio of the Castle is rrido to the fact that the Section Third of the Provincial Hearing of Seville has determined for next day 27 of September the view to analyze the interposed resources of appeal against the sentence of the minor. A view that this way will be celebrated before the judgment against the four people of legal age, whose beginning is determined for next day 17 of October. Thus, it has trusting in which the firm sentence against the minor becomes public before the oral view against the of legal age defendant, since, in his opinion, " it is not just like the Cuckoo is going to declare as witness in this opinion with firm sentence. Antonio of the Castle hopes that the sentence " he is favorable" to the interests of the family. Source of the news: ' The Cuco': " Three years of my childhood and my have robbed me inocencia"
Who I KILL CARRION? bartonella rod-shaped! , formally it died of Septicemia and Anemia, the goat milk was not enough to cure it, the soup of cow with wine was insufficient to kill these bacilli, Noguicihi and Fleming behind schedule arrived for Carrin but now the present Doctors, we continued killing Carrin, we killed in every short while with our attitude in front of the patients, trying badly our patients (as Dean Mario did it to Lopez with my old parents recently in the Lazarte Hospital), when we sat down in it consults: tired and indifferent, forgetting that there are no diseases, but ill, forgetting that each case is a case, that our patients hope to be listened to, to be examined, to be included, to be cured, with medecines and good treatment, amiable words but we continued killing Carrin in each of these cruel, magnificent acts, cold and indifferent There we killed Carrin! , we are like the Bartonella. Tyler Wood Integrated Capital Solutions may help you with your research. Where THIS BURIED CARRION? The 7 of October of 1885 were buried in the Cemetery Masterful Presbtero of Lima, in the pavilion central Santa Ana, in niche 125, letter C, in 1972 their rest was deposited in a Marble coffin and buried in the central patio of Historical Hospital 2 of May, according to the Law 25342 that declares National Hero, their rest would have to be in the Cripta of the Heroes, but according to an old guardian of the Cemetery, he insists that the same, never were removed from this field santo but really Daniel Alcides is buried in each of our hearts (of the Doctors) we have it there buried and forgotten! , covered by old woman and heavy crossings of which no, we will for this reason, cure with Soup of Cow and milk of Goat always mentioned Dr. Cabieses it said to us The medicine is but that a profession or office, are a Religion, because it is exerted with a deep humanism, is a Priesthood because it forces to serve our fellow to us, with love, diligence and respect, in spite of our fatigue, of our annoyances and our tribulations! we do not behave like bacilli of the Bartonella, We revive to Carrin of our Hearts! We revive in each of our medical acts to him that is the best tribute than we can pay this National Hero to him so forgotten, in the 124 anniversary of its heroic death.
The urbanization, industrialization, the new demands of the consumption markets and professional configure new conditions in which the industrial bourgeoisie and the urban work force if detach as social forces, economic politics and emergent capitalists, with a fidget in erecting the Brazilian abastana by means of the productive work. The penetration of the tayloristas techniques in the Country did not reach the totality of the plants as well as not if it can compare it with the success occurred in the United States. A first explicativa reason for this question is that Brazil imported the American ideology without having a productive base to the similarity of the American. The second reason directs for low the qualification of the Brazilian laborers, although the effort of the national industrials in characterizing them with the creation of schools of industrial learning (VARGAS, 1985 cited for ALVES 2006). Here describes an additional similar source. Contemporarily experimentations of connection between average education and the professional education of level technician had been initiated from 2003, when the Directions of Average Ensino and Professional Education of the Secretariat of Average and Technological Education of the Ministry of Education had been co-ordinated by technician and assisted by researchers who trusted the perspective of a democratic and popular government with the election of Incio Luis Lula da Silva, for the Presidency of the Republic (CARDOZO, 2009). With regard to the future perspectives the MEC says in them that: Beyond improving the quality of the basic education, Professionalized Brazil search to foment the expansion of school registrations in average education integrated and to stimulate the return of young and adults to the school. (...) In four years of 2008 the 2011, Professionalized Brazil foresees to arrive the 1,757 cities, expanding the school registrations in the integrated average education of 3.580 public schools. The goal is to take care of, in this stated period and these schools, 344,781 pupils.
For in such a way, it searchs to associate its name adeterminados values and concepts consecrated for the Public Opinion ... the organizations concentrate many economic interests queinteragem inside of its structure, searching to maximize the results and guarantee continuity in the market: the shareholders, who supply the capital; ostrabalhadores, that answer for the production; the consumers, who influence nosucesso of the company; in a way each stronger time, the administrators, queexercem the control of the company. To take care of the necessities of these cited public, asempresas they had expanded its marketing action for the symbolic market, passing to adesenvolver institucional actions, directed toward the setting of a good image daorganizao next to the diverse public of the market, creating the Marketing deImagem. Therefore the marketing starts to maximize its social side in search deinteresses in common of the company and the consumer. In accordance with Vaz (2000, P.
13), the techniques of institucional marketingempresarial and are established in such a way that the markets material and simblicofuncionam as complementary realities, are presented of modointer-related that the times it becomes difficult desmembra them. 2,5 Ambient marketing When she is about search of the responsible ones for the harmful processoprodutivo to the environment we point the companies, specifically odepartamento of marketing that has as purpose to vender a greater quantidadede product and to generate more consumption through propagandas and distribution that nose worry in replanejar its action in order to contribute for the preservaoambiental. Being thus, the green marketing it appeared to improve the imageminstitucional and to guarantee a profitability in the productive process dasorganizaes, that is, to vender products and to protect the environment. For Vaz (2000, P. 347): ... the manufacture of products ' ' verdes' ' , in increasing attendance onda of a strong ambient consumerismo, formed for a mass bigger cadavez of made use purchasers to only acquire products that notrouxessem harmful or harmful consequences to the environment, and recusarterminantemente the harmful products life.
In global warm up times, it swims can be abandoned in the direction to conserve the steady environment. Check out site for additional information. With this, everything what it has of inherent to the preservation must be stimulated, in the direction to acquire knowledge the population concerning the necessity to protect the natural resources. An increasing number of people, in all Brazil, is unaware of the simple procedures of ambient preservation. Many, still, do not know that the recycling processes, of dismissable materials, for example, they help in the preservation and, consequentemente, disponibiliza, for the market of consumption, utilitarian products that, necessarily, are part of the daily domestic servant. Inside of the residences, of all the country, it is finished joining many things that produce a volume astronomical of domestic garbage. Great part of this garbage is deposited in the rivers and streams that surround great cities. Thus, the rivers that serve of resource for the support of the life, in a general way, finish poludos and with possibilities to transmit illnesses and viroses harmful for human sort.
Although, the programs of ambient preservation have the objective to teach the practical procedures and simple so that the entire society protects the nature, diverse people insist on proceeding from contrary form what she is necessary and possible to make. Unhappyly, some citizens run away from the responsibility of sensible and conscientious attitudes. Many of these citizens believe that the others practising the acts of preservation and ambient protection, it also finish being compensated. The irresponsibility, ahead of the mere positive aspects so that the natural resources do not suffer with the depredations and destructions, contributes so that some projects leave of being executed in national level, but the concern with the attitudes, that unchain in immune behaviors to inherent the legal procedures to the preservation, is a reality known well by ecological entities and ONG' s, that fights for the general awareness. Thanks to the work and the research of entities and agencies that, untiringly, they act for the preservation of the environment and of the natural resources, it is that, still, it makes possible, to the world, chances of healthful life. In this direction, valley to stand out that the attitudes that convert into positive actions, never must leave to exist, because the resources you renewed must be monitored so that the nature does not suffer the consequences of irresponsible attitudes.
It is important to remember that human and sensible gestures are not excused when the subject is inherent to the preservation of the environment. Therefore, good attitudes will contribute, always, for the benefits in favor of the healthful life. Unhappyly, it has an increasing number of people who prefer to play the guilt in the public power, forgetting that great responsible for the problems with the depredation it environment is the proper people, who does not have a culture centered in the valuation of the quality of life. The Brazilian people, still, is not prepared to face the dissabores of the caused fenomnicos effect for the occured transformations in the nature. In the Europe and the North America these effect already had been registered and the results had scared the world. Since then, a full exercise of awareness, the people is necessary and for the people.
In agreement with the last study realised by The Cocktail Analysis, agency of investigation and specialized strategic consultancy in new technologies, tendencies of consumption and communication, our country is conceited to have reached the chilling number of 4.2 million buyers fashionable online. And it is that everything aims at that the fashionable commerce online goes in frank growth, since in the last year reached a invoicing of 1,200 million Euros, a 5.6% of the total of the fashionable market. On the other hand, the study indicates three profiles differentiated from buyers online: the manager, the practice and the fashionista. If we asked the consumers, 23% are classified in the profile of the manager, who is the one that goes to the network by comfort and to avoid to go of stores. This consumer prefers the comfort of the channel online, as soon as he is interested in the fashion, he looks for competitive prices and, preferably, visits outlet or clubs of purchase, that is those that better responds to their interests. Also he is the one that buys less fashion and spends less.
This profile of consuming client/spends an annual average of 110 Euros in purchase online. Only a 14% of the consumers identify with the profile of the practice, that values the rapidity, comfort and a provided major of products. This type of client maintains a moderate relation with the fashion, usually it does not buy of impulsive way and it invests more than the other profiles in sites of stores/Spanish chains. The people who fit with this profile spend an average of 162 annual Euros in buying fashion through virtual store. And miserable a 6% of the consumers feel identified with the profile of the fashionista, that it buys online to find things exclusive, unique.
To these people to fascinate the universe to them to buy fashion on line and usually is those that accede more to the contents from the moving body and, concerning purchase, is without a doubt the one that it spends more. The fashionista destines in articles fashionable online near 229 Euros per year. In which to sorts one talks about, 57% of the purchases online correspond to purchases of young clothes; 17% to footwear; 15% to infantile clothes; 8% a complements and only 3% to underclothes. These numbers are only the end of the iceberg since, following the mentioned study, four of each ten consumers they have added to the commerce online in the last year and a half, determining data as far as expectations for 2012 talks about. In a study published in WWD and talked back by Refinery 29, it was revealed that 68% of the young people between 18 to 25 years prefer to go to the store (offline), that to buy by Internet. When I read the news, I was plop. It thought that segment much more inclined to buy online. Nevertheless, in the same note they develop a reflection that I share: to buy is not an act individual, but social. An excuse to really join itself with the friendly of. But also was another interesting detail